Key Stage 1 and 2 Curriculum

At Loxford Primary Phase, we aim to help pupils make meaningful connections in their learning. To that end, we have devised a themed curriculum, in which the different National Curriculum subjects are taught through a particular theme. Of course, we are aware of the danger of ‘tenuous’ links and we ensure that Maths and English – whilst sometimes present in themed work – are also taught daily as separate subjects. Similarly, Science, P.E. and Music are taught separately as well as within themes.


Every aspect of the children’s work is influenced by the extent to which they use language with imagination and accuracy. Competence in reading, writing, speaking and listening is encouraged throughout the curriculum in order to enable the children to communicate appropriately and effectively. However, we teach English daily as a discrete subject in KS1 and KS2 with opportunities for Literacy in the Foundation Stage being incorporated within the child’s day according to principles of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS).

Reading is taught using a multi-sensory approach following the phonics programme called ‘Letters and Sounds’, incorporating the actions from ‘Jolly Phonics,’ alongside our reading scheme ‘Oxford Reading Tree’. The programme is introduced in the Reception class and consolidated throughout Key Stage 1. Some pupils undertake a specific intervention programme called ‘Rapid Phonics’, if they experience difficulties with reading. Please see your child’s year group Gateway to Learning to find out what they are learning about each half term.

In Key Stage One pupils read using phonics, recite poetry by heart in class, learn the alphabet and write joined up words.  We ensure left-handed pupils receive help.

In Key Stage Two pupils use dictionaries for meaning and learn to spell 200 complex words including “mischievous”, “privilege”, “yacht”. They also use a thesaurus to develop vocabulary.


Considerable importance is attached to the children achieving and understanding mathematical processes, concepts and skills. A favourable attitude is encouraged by presenting it in an interesting and enjoyable way, allowing the children to actively participate in the learning process, thus creating a sense of achievement and confidence. There is a strong emphasis on the development of mental arithmetic and giving opportunities for pupils to use and apply mathematics in real life situations.
Maths is taught through a daily maths lesson. Class teachers also plan for opportunities to develop and apply key mathematical skills in other subjects throughout the year.

In Key Stage One pupils:

Age 5/6: Count to 100, use simple fractions, tell the time

Age 6/7: Add and subtract three digit numbers

In Key Stage Two pupils: 

Age 8/9: Master 12 times tables, convert decimals and fractions

Age 10/11:  Are introduced to algebra


To enable a scientific approach to learning, developing useful knowledge, skills and attitudes about the world in which we live, science experience is presented to the children in a practical, relevant context. Systematic inquiry, analysis of problems, formation of ideas, their testing and modification are encouraged through whole class, group or individual investigations and project work, designed to arouse the children’s natural curiosity.

In Key Stage One pupils: 

Age 5/6:  Experiment with paper, elastic, foil, fabrics etc

Age 6/7:  Are given an introduction to the reproduction in animals

In Key Stage Two pupils: 

Age 8/9:  Build simple circuits with bulbs, buzzers etc

Age 10/11:  Focus on evolution and inheritance, importance of diet and exercise/effect of drugs


Computers and other technological aids are used throughout the school. ICT skills are taught as a discrete subject and as a means of supporting other areas of the curriculum. The children are encouraged to communicate ideas and information in a variety of forms, where appropriate, using equipment and computer software to enhance their learning. The school is Internet linked.

In Key Stage One pupils will:

  • Understand what algorithms are; how they are implemented as programs on digital devices; and that programs execute by following precise and unambiguous instructions
  • Create and debug simple programs
  • Use logical reasoning to predict the behaviour of simple programs
  • Use technology purposefully to create, organise, store, manipulate and retrieve digital content
  • Recognise common uses of information technology beyond school
  • Use technology safely and respectfully, keeping personal information private; identify where to go for help and support when they have concerns about content or contact on the internet or other online technologies

In Key Stage Two pupils will:

  • Design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals
  • Use sequence, selection and repetition in programs
  • Use logical reasoning to explain how some simple algorithms work and to detect and correct errors in algorithms and programs
  • Understand computer networks, including the internet
  • Use search technologies effectively
  • Select, use and combine a variety of software on a range of digital devices
  • Use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly


At Loxford Primary Phase, we view History not only as simple facts and dates but encourage pupils to become detectives who explore the past in an exciting way. History is taught mainly through a topic based approach and gives pupils a chance to explore a wide range of sources

History allows our children to compare and contrast, to examine how and why things have changed, to learn about historical characters and expand their research skills. We teach children to be open minded and enquiring thinkers who understand cause and effect. We want them to understand how people have lived in the past and compare this to modern life. We encourage first hand experiences through handling real artefacts and wherever possible arranging field work visits to relevant sites of historical interest in the region.

In Key Stage One pupils will:

  • Study famous individuals to compare life in different periods, e.g. Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, William Caxton and Tim Berners-Lee, Mary Seacole and Edith Cavell, Neil Armstrong and Ibn Battuta, Elizabeth II
  • Study key events in British History such as Great Fire of London

In Key Stage Two pupils will:

  • Study Britain from Stone Age to 1066, ancient civilizations of Egypt , Greece, Mayans and Shang Dynasty
  • Extend chronology and local study units of work


In Key Stage One pupils study the names of oceans, continents, world map, countries of UK, weather seasons and fieldwork around school environment.

Under ‘locational knowledge’, pupils will be taught to:

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

Under ‘human and physical geography’, pupils will be taught to:

  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the north and south poles

In Key Stage Two pupils will study countries of the world, counties and cities of UK, physical geography including volcanoes and read Ordnance Survey maps.

Under ‘locational knowledge’, pupils will be taught to:

  • Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • Name and locate countries and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features and land-use patterns, and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time

Design and Technology

In Key Stage One pupils will study cutting, shaping, joining and finishing using construction materials and textiles. In Key Stage Two pupils will use mechanical systems such as gears, pulleys, cams and levers and build circuits incorporating switches, bulbs, buzzers and motors.


In Key Stage One pupils will study the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers, describing the differences and similarities between different practices and disciplines, and making links to their own work.

In Key Stage Two pupils will create sketch books to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas in order to improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing, painting and sculpture with a range of materials.


In Key Stage One pupils will sing and play tuned and untuned instruments.

In Key Stage Two pupils will play and perform in solo and ensemble context and be introduced to great composers.

Pupils also have the opportunity to join the school choir and to take part in events within the school and the community.

Physical Education

In Key Stage One pupils will master basic movements (run, jump, throw, catch etc.) They will also be introduced to team games.

In Key Stage Two pupils will study competitive games such as football, netball, rounders, cricket, hockey, basketball, badminton and tennis.

By the end of Key Stage Two children should swim 25 meters, perform a range of strokes and demonstrate lifesaving techniques.

PE lessons are taught by three specialist PE teachers either once or twice a week in addition to lessons taught by class teachers.

Religious Education

The school believes that religious education should provide a contemporary study of religion, preparing children for later life. Due consideration within this framework are given to all faiths. Respect, tolerance and understanding for the beliefs of others are promoted as part of our programme. The school has adopted the Redbridge Borough Religious Education Policy.

Parents have the right to withdraw children from religious lessons and daily worship in assemblies but it must be understood that such activities make a contribution to cross-curricular objectives pursued during the course of the school week.

Personal, Social and Health Education

We aim to promote healthy, independent and responsible members of society. We encourage all our pupils to play a positive role in contributing to school life and the wider community. Our pupils are given opportunities in PSHE &  SEAL (Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning) lessons and assemblies to develop confidence, self-motivation and an understanding of their rights and responsibilities within our diverse society.

We teach PSCHE in a variety of ways: as a discrete subject, through SEAL lessons, via assemblies and through other subjects such as RE, History, Geography, English, Maths and Science, as well as through outdoor educational visits, community work and activities.


Children in Years 1 and 2 are given the opportunity to learn French through songs, poems and rhymes.

In Key Stage Two pupils study Spanish in order to understand basic grammar and hold simple conversations. All MFL lessons are taught by a specialist language teacher.